Ministry of Finance and Economic Cooperation
The main objective of this project is to prepare baseline for Adaptation Fund project. This involves collecting field based evidences from the target Woredas and Kebeles to further enhances the quality of the project proposal. The baseline will also enhance the quality of the project monitoring and evaluation. The baseline study targets seven highly vulnerable woredas in five regional states and city administration. The data will have qualitative and quantitative information from households of intervention woredas.
Ministry of Transport
Climate Change (Mitigation Accounting)
The MoT intends to study and account the country’s transport sector GHG emissions. In addition, it also intends to study the sector’s institutional arrangement and the development of database. Thus,Echnoserve is commissioned by MoT to prepare National GHG inventories and undertake institutional arrangement of the transport sector. The project involves to compile GHG emissions 2014-2016 for the estimation of CO2, N2O, CH4, NOx, CO as well as for SO2 (using 2014 as base year), assess and recommend the institutional arrangement for the sector, analyze data using sectoral reference approaches based on 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Inventory, establish and maintain a database for GHGs and non-GHGs as appropriate and to project the GHG emission trend until to 2030.
Echnoserve is commissioned by MoFEC to undertake a feasibility study for GCF project proposal called ‘Promoting Sustainable Cities in Ethiopia’. The project involves preparing a feasibility study on the proposed activities, i.e. urban greenery, solid waste and non-motorized transport systems, for ten targeted cities, conduct environmental social assessment of the targeted cities and intervention and also to conductbaseline assessment focusing on GHG reduction.
Echnoserve will assess the proposed sustainable city intervention packages are planned, designed and implemented in such that they fit appropriately into the anticipated development needs of the respective cities/towns. The assignment will involve both field work in the ten cities (Adigrat, Shire, Bahir Dar, Gonder, Sebeta, Jimma, Arba Minch, WolaytaSodo, Shashamane and Jigjiga).
Agricultural Transformation Agency
Climate Change (Agriculture and Livestock)
Echnoserve is currently working on a project titled Mainstreaming CRGE into Agriculture and Livestock Sectors of Ethiopia. The project, owned by ATA, aims to put in place inclusive CRGE mainstreaming guideline. This is hoped to be done through a study that considers different institutions to conduct CRGE task structure assessment and look into the implementation gaps that emanates from lack of proper institutional arrangements.
The project’s main assignments include:
We are now working on the data analysis and report write up. Parallel to that assessment report, we are also drafting the mainstreaming guidelinewhich is one of the key deliverables. Echnoserve is also discussing and working on to propose high-level ideas for effective CRGE mainstreaming into the two sectors.
International Institute for Environment and Development
IIED with Echnoserve are conducting a longitudinal study in one part of ‘Improving smallholder livelihoods and resilience in the SNNP and Oromia Regions of Ethiopia through ‘Climate Smart Agricultural Economic Development Consortium’ project in the Lake Hawassa watershed with support from Irish Aid.
The aim of this study is to better understand the effectiveness of dimensions of the project to support implementation, learning, and future programming and planning around what builds climate-smart outcomes and resilience.The study will contribute to the learning agenda of the consortium project by generating evidence and shared knowledge on the dimensions of: livelihood changes (with a focus on agricultural productivity in the context of increasing climatic variability); the resilience of vulnerable populations; management of natural resources and adaptation to climate change; the role of markets and value chains; nutrition and dietary quality; links to gender equality and women’s empowerment.
The study is looking at a panel of households and follows their progress over the four years of the project within six month interval of panel survey. Once the study conclude the findings will help local planners and project staff to better understand how to build resilience and support climate-smart agriculture in their areas.
Ministry of Mining and Petroleum
Echnoserve has been implementing the Baseline, Suitability & Value Chain Study on the Bio-Fuels Development in Ethiopia project. The project is financed by Ministry of Mining and Petroleum. The main objective of this project is to assess the resource base and suitability for bio-fuel industry. The project has three phases: development of feed-stock suitability map, development of Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system, baseline data for Energy+ partnership program and the Global Bio-Energy Partnership (GBEP) sustainability indicators and policy study. The study covers around six major crops namely Jatropha, Castor, Cassava, Sweet Sorghum, Croton and Cotton Seed in all regions of Ethiopia.
One of the main outputs of the project delivered is the assessment of suitable land for biofuel in Ethiopia. This involved preparing GIS backed land suitability map for each feedstock & produces and developed an interactive geo-database for the major bio-fuel feedstock. Theses maps serve as an indicator for the potential lands to grow the crops.
Echnoserve has also delivered the following outputs:
Currently, Echnoserve is undertaking biofuel policy review and analysis. A key activity of this project component involves reviewing policies, strategies and guidelines of Ethiopia and also other countries that have been able to achieve successful implementation of biofuel for both energy and transport sectors. The analysis of these policies, strategies and guidelines will provide recommendations for improvement of the biofuel industry in Ethiopia.
The objective of this project is to develop Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Standard Baseline (SB) for improved institutional cook stoves in Ethiopia and also support the Ethiopian Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MEFCC), which hosts Ethiopia’s DNA, in submitting the SB to the UNFCCC. Echnoserve in collaboration with Perspectives Consultancy are undertaking this project. The assignment involves assessing Ethiopia’s specific circumstances, as well as the necessary procedures and documentation for the submission to the UNFCCC, consultation of and support to Ethiopia’s DNA and facilitate the submission and approval process.
Echnoserve was contracted by Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA) to develop a systematic framework for accounting of greenhouse gas emission across the agriculture sector in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to recommend GHG accounting framework for the agricultural sector so that Ethiopia can not only report its achievements in developing green economy but also access additional climate finance. Having a standardized and globally acceptable GHG accounting framework for the agriculture sector will also help policy makers and experts in developing effective policy options and interventions.
The GHG accounting frameworks recommended here are drawn from lessons learnt from case studies of India, Brazil and Denmark; detailed evaluations of agricultural GHG accounting tools, databases, methodologies, protocols and standards; as well as field visits and capacity gap assessment. The capacity gap assessment was done in three dimensions: organizational, system and human. The study has looked at the feasibility and importance of developing a country level emission factors as well. Preparing country level emission factor for Ethiopia is not necessary as Ethiopia isn’t obliged to report using tier 2 approach as it is non-annex I country in the UNFCCC. As non-annex I country, the donor community and the international system allow Ethiopia to report using default values or tier I approach.
The development of the framework is built on recommendation given by the World Resources Institute, the World Bank (and its programme on Partnership for Market Readiness) in the Guide for Designing Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Programs.
There is currently limited direction in terms of outlining the requirements for GHG framework. However, this document has sketched out the key components for GHG such a framework – namely - institutional arrangement, GHG coverage, emissions quantification, reporting procedure & schedules, reporting platform and data disclosure, quality control and assurance and enforcement. This document covers all the components of the framework except enforcement, which is currently not necessary in Ethiopia. Rather it has covered the technical and human needs that are crucial to implement the recommended framework.Taking into consideration the lessons learnt from the case studies, review of the identified tools and undertaking capacity gap assessment, and current government policy, the recommendation put forward in this study is for a short term (one to three years) to further fill the gap in Ex-ACT and use it to monitor and reporting GHG emission. The long-term recommendation is to develop country specific framework as well as prepare country specific emission factors.
Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity
Echnoserve was contracted by SNV Ethiopia to conduct biogas user survey for National Biogas Program. The objective of the Program was to improve the livelihoods and quality of life of rural households in Ethiopia through the exploitation of the market and non-market benefits of domestic biogas.
The program was implemented through two interconnected phase. The main objective of the first phase of the Programme was to develop a commercially viable domestic biogas sector in four selected regions of Ethiopia by installing 14,000 biogas plants. In the second phase of the program (2014 – 2017), it was targeted to install 20,000 biogas plants and 2014 alone, a total of 1,762 plants have been constructed raising the total number of installed units to 9,825 since the program began operation in 2009. The specific objectives of this assignment is to identifying what users have actually experienced so far from the various programme activities delivered that include promotions, construction of the digester plant, quality assurances, training and after-sales services and to monitor the quality of the program.
Accordingly, Echnoserve has developed survey tool and provided training to the data collectors which was followed by a pilot test at Adaaworeda (Oromia Region). The full survey was conducted in the four regional states namely Tigray, SNNP, Amhara and Oromia. The project life came to an end when a comprehensive survey report was finally submitted to the client.
Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resource
The project addressed challenges observed during the implementation of FTI in 27 woredas. Some of the challenges noticed during the implementation of the piloted CRGE project includes gap in reporting system and lack of capacity at regional and woreda level. Thus, Echnoserve proposed a solution in this project by developing a web-based and app downloadable M&E system that will be applied to address the challenges. The communication gap between woredas, regions, and federal as well as frequent errors in reporting has also created a challenge in the M&E. In order to address these problems, this project provided hands-on capacity building trainings for regional, woreda and federal offices and technical support.
The project supported the newly added 8 CRGE FTI woredas in data collection, vulnerability and GHG baselines report generation, and technical assistance on way simplify the report writing and documenting knowledge management system through web based system. In addition to technical support Echnoserve believed to share lesson learn experience in building climate resilience and green economy. Therefore case studies of some woredas experience (challenges and success stories) in adopting CSA technologies were shared.
The 2015 agricultural season has been impacted in due to El Niño climatic event which has caused declined rainfall and drier than average weather in most part of Ethiopia. The piloting of CRGE which has activities related to resilience building has also been implemented during the same cycle. This scenario has created a great opportunity to see if CRGE interventions have built resilience of households and communities. One of the activities implemented under this project was conducting evidence based study to identify CRGE interventions have built resilience as well as lessons learn from the implementation process. The study findings will feed to program planning and policy making for future climate resilient interventions. The post survey assessment finding was very supportive document to measure resilience of the project beneficiaries after the project completion. Moreover, it used for the sector to verify whether the beneficiaries of the project in the targeted woredas able to improve their livelihood or not.
Ministry of Finance & Economic Cooperation
The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change and Ministry of Finance & Economic Cooperation with close collaboration with development donors proposed to develop and implement a National Capacity Development Program (NCDP). This was mainly intended to operationalize the CRGE strategy by creating adequate capacity of government implementing institutions. And this involved overseeing the capacity gap assessment for the implementation of CRGE at federal, regional and woreda level for various line ministries that have direct and indirect role in the fulfillment of the CRGE vision and aggregating the result of the assessment into one final document that outline approach for capacity gap building, including cost, over a 5 year period 2016-2020.
While implementing the project, Echnoserve has carried out the following activities:
After conducting the national capacity assessment, a NCDP document was prepared incorporating capacity assessment gap and capacity development and investment program that can be used by the government to coordinate capacity support as well as to attract financing for the NCDP for the implementation of CRGE.
Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change
Echnoserve implemented the National MRV System project which ran for two years from 2013 to 2015. The project, financed by UK DFID and owned by MEFCC, was executed jointly with the World Resources Institute (WRI) from USA.The project aimed to develop a holistic MRV framework for tracking and reporting the national CRGE strategy implementation.
The execution of the national MRV system project included numerous activities such as devising appropriate sector specific GHG protocols; selection and implementation of data generation and system uploading tools and methodologies; overall system design and management, training on the use of the methodologies; enhancing system functionality through increased data availability and user-friendliness of the system, as well as devising an MRV institutional arrangement that cuts across sectors and administrative levels (from the federal to regional and woreda) in a way that is amenable to data aggregation and reporting all the way from the local to the federal and beyond. The project has also delivered a newly developed IT backed MRV database which was done jointly with a US based company called ICF.
The project was successfully completed and delivered all the expected deliverables which include customized protocols, pilot test reports, institutional arrangement study report and IT database.
Japan Ministry of Environment
Climate Change(Mitigation Accounting)
The aim of the project was to identify potential carbon finance (CDM) project in biogas and solar home system. Task conducted includes assessment of current biogas program including pilot data collection. And after identifying gaps, the project designed hand-on MRV training program with OromiaBoWE and EPA and developed model MRV documents (monitoring design, monitoring report and verification) for the National Biogas Program as well as conducted two different training workshops on MRV.
Two different trainings (each for a week) on MRV were delivered to federal and regional actors. The MRV training focused on biogas and solar projects. As one of the main output of the training, a sample Biogas Project PDD was developed by the trainees with lead role from Echnoserve. One candidate (representative of MEFCC) was selected from the participants to act like a verifier for the sample PDD developed. Echnoserve has finally prepared a project completion report and submitted to the client.
Information Technology (IT)
CRGE Registry project intended to develop a web-based application and built capacity of MEFCC in managing various climate change projects using the registry. The project financed by DFID- Strategic Climate Institutions Program (SCIP) to ease an effective and efficient implementation of CRGE. The registry was also functioning as a depository of projects submitted to the CRGE Facility, for those funded and those that are in the pipeline. The project started in June 2013 and completed in July 2014.
The project has developed a registry system; established a mechanism for information exchange with various aspect of project management cycle implemented under the Sectoral Reduction Mechanism (SRM), CRGE Operation Manual and built capacity of sector line ministries, regional and woredas government bureaus involved in the process. The development of Registry completed through active engagement of stakeholders with extensive consultation with MEFCC, stakeholders from seven line ministries and NGOs selected to continuously review the development and provide their inputs. Feedback on the work progress obtained through stakeholder workshops, one to one discussions and several presentations and discussions with MEFCC's technical team as well as the Minister, State Minister and various Directors.
Echnoserve has also preapred user guides manual for different users of the registry which enable them to easily use or operate the system. Trainings given to different level for federal, regional and woredas level CRGE unit coordinators or concerned entities of different line ministries, regional bureaus and woredas offices. This application has public and private secure sections where the secure section was providing registered users access to submit the reviewed and approved project proposals and the public section was providing the public with valuable information on current CRGE and related activities.
World Resources Institute
The objective of this task was to collect information to support WRI in the development of new guidelines, tools and/or case studies regarding themes related to GHG measurement and performance tracking discussed in this report. Echnoserve and WRI developed a set of questionnaire that was divided in several sections, National Institutions, Information Collection and National GHG Inventory Systems, Policy Accounting, International Reporting and Performance Tracking, Business, Electricity Sector, Forestry & Land Use GHG Accounting.
Soon after the questionnaire was developed, a total of 16 professionals were interviewed, with an average of ten interviews per section. Individuals from the following government agencies as well as civil societies were invited to participate in the study: Environmental Protection Authority, National Meteorological Agency of Ethiopia, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Mines, Ministry of Urban Development and Construction, Ministry of Water and Energy, Ministry of Transportation, Central Statistical Agency, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation, Forest Research Center, Forum for Environment, Institute for Biodiversity, Conservation and Research and World Vision Ethiopia. Following after the necessary data was collected, Echnoserve prepared an extensive report containing a compiled summary of the responses obtained with the interviews.
One of Echnoserve's survey experiences comes by working on a project with ENDA-Ethiopia. The project was titled Baseline Assessment of Informal Waste Collectors. Through funding from EU, this study was expected to identify the main challenges of waste pickers/collectors in Addis Ababa and provide a recommendation for improvement. Thus, the study focused on assessing the working and health conditions of waste pre-collectors and recyclers in Addis Ababa. The study also looked at the socio-demographic profile of pre-collectors.
Tools used for survey include interviews, focus group discussions, interview with key informants, site visits, observations and review of secondary data. Echnoserve conducted three hundred forty surveys and four focus group discussions as well as site visits to collect mandatory data for the project. After the completion of the data analysis and write up, Echnoserve presented the findings for validation. Feedback and comments were incorporated before the final document was submitted to ENDA. The final report included a brief overview of solid waste collection process in Addis Ababa, methodology used for the study, findings and finally recommendations.
April – June 2017
Climate Change Adaptation
Irish Aid commissioned IIED to conduct a case study on a project titled ‘Enhancing Integrated Watershed Management with Climate Smart Agriculture’ at Gergera Watershed in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. IIED, in collaboration with Echnoserve, has undertaken this case study. The main objective of this project was to measure and present the practical works done by World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) through community based adaptation interventions to protect and manage the Watershed ecosystem.Echnoserve conducted the data collection and analysis. The data collection involved desk review, key informant interviews, household survey and Focus Group Discussion (FDG). The main stakeholders included in this case were ICRAF regional office, Irish Aid, Tigray Bureau of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Atsbi district office of agriculture and natural resources, Tigray Agricultural Research Institute (TARI) and Mekelle University (MU).
The primary results of the study included analysis on how the climate risk management undertaken by the main stakeholders has brought community adaptation in the face of adverse climate change, and how community based adaptation practices affected the environmental resources system and how the communities manage and properly utilize the environmental ecosystem services through this innovative CSA approach.
Agriculture and Forest
Echnoserve has a conducted and published a joint research with IIED, an organization based in UK, titled Food demand and forests in Sub-Saharan Africa. The research project was conducted to better understand existing and future competition and trade-offs between food production and natural forests, and the implications for land use policies in Sub-Saharan Africa. The research has worked by exploring the political economy behind the food trade-offs to shed light on the opportunities and barriers to achieving more joined-up land use policy and planning for food and forest.
IIED first provided an initial context analysis and a common framework for mapping of key policies and key stakeholders. Echnoserve conducted the mapping of key policies (and related processes) related to agriculture expansion and forest and biodiversity conservation. Echnoserve also led the process of identifying and interviewing the key stakeholders related to those key policies (and processes). Several literatures including natonal level policies & strategies related to the subject matter were reviewed and used in the data analysis. A one day workshop was organized in Addis Ababa to present the findings and way forwards to selected key stakeholders. Researchers from IIED and Echnoserve made presentation followed by discussion which helped a lot for the final publication. The research publication is available in the IIED website.
November – December 2016
Echnoserve was contracted by ATA to conduct data collection for the baseline survey for Mechanization Services Pilot project. The main objective of the project was to collect and deliver clean data to supplement the mechanization pilot baseline assessment work. The data collection was undertaken in 18 woredas, primarily focusing on the 12-piloted Agricultural Commercialization Cluster (ACC) woredas across the 4 Regional States (Tigray, Oromia, Amhara and SNNO) with 6 kebeles from each woreda. In addition, 6 out-of-sample woredas that reflects a similar geographic and agro-ecological situation from each area were included as a control group.
The data collection involved qualitative and quantitative information from household that provides attitudes and awareness of mechanization services in designated mechanization piloted intervention woredas. It has also provided a picture of the current smallholder farmers’ production activities. The specific activities delivered by Echnoserve included preparing survey tools, piloting and testing the data collection instrument for consistency and feasibility, hiring enumerators and training these enumerator and supervisors on data collection instruments and conducting household survey. A total of 36 data collectors and 6 supervisors were mobilized and managed to collect the data from1,080 households. In order to implement this project, Echnoserve had deployed innovative technology that facilitated the work with high standard data quality. A Census and Survey Processing System (CSPro) software was used for entering, editing, tabulating, and disseminating data. The system was very helpful for generating clean data in a convenient form for data analysis. This helped to deliver the results in SPSS or STATA for data analysis. As a quality control procedure, Echnoserve used a standard compliance checklist to ensure quality has been met in line with data collection duration and with no quality compromise.
January – August 2016
As one of the component of Land Investment for Transformation (LIFT) program, DAI contracted Echnoserve to conduct an assessment on land rental regulatory framework. The main objective of this assessment was to identify constraints that hinder the formalization of land rental agreements in Amhara and Oromia regions. Accordingly, Echnoserve has prepared an assessment report after assessing the constraints in both regions.
The regulatory framework assessment involved:
The assessment involved a series of structured interview with all relevant stakeholders. The report then built on the assessment findings and recommended a regulatory framework to promote formalization of rental agreements in order to make rental process attractive in Amhara and Oromia regions.
January – June 2016
Land and Finance
As one of the component of Land Investment for Transformation (LIFT) program, DAI contracted Echnoserve to promote the implementation of a novel form of credit modality to farmers and land use and administration personnel in Oromia and Amhara region. Micro-finance institutions in both regions arranged this new credit modality that allows farmers to access credit by taking their Second Level Land Certificate as collateral.
The project has entailed design of customized awareness raising materials and delivery of several training sessions in order to create demand and raise awareness of potential farmers that are willing and able to tap into this opportunity as well as to create a clear understanding of the credit scheme for woreda and kebele land use and administration personnel. Echnoserve oversaw the project mainly focusing on assisting the Amhara Credit and Savings Institute (ACSI) in Amhara region and Wasasa Microfinance in Oromia region. Echnoserve has taken strategic training delivery methods that consisted of techniques and materials used to structure the training sessions and convey the desired result through directing the right message to audience. The training modalities were in presentation and discussion formats and all the training sessions were interactive and very participatory in order to ensure the maximum level of project outputs. Moreover, clear action plans were developed at the end to outline future actions following up the project closure.
Echnoserve implemented Agriculture Sector Fast Track project (FTI) which undertaken for two years. The project financed by MoANR. Measuring impact on adaptation is a difficult task and unlike climate change mitigation, the success of which ultimately perhaps measured in terms of a single metric such as greenhouse gas emissions avoided or atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, there is no easily definable single metric for adaptation. This is due to the functions and goals of adaptation are different to different contexts. Through design of framework as well as implementation of the system, this project addressed these challenges to measure adaptation.
The main objective of this project was to develop agriculture sector specific M&E as well as MRV system and integrate it with the national MRV framework. The project has conducted in all regions of the country 27 woredas and one city administration except Addis Ababa. In addition to M&E and MRV framework development, the project was develpoed long-term investment plan for piloted woredas of the project. Other Key activities that were undertaken in this project were baseline study, development of M&E and MRV framework, conducting monitoring and evaluation as well as M&R and long term investment plan for the piloted woredas.
Echnoserve studied and developed a standardized baseline for rural electrification in Ethiopia in collaboration with GIF ENVEST. The study outlined the possible standardized emission factors for rural electrification program in the country. In a step wise approach, national default emission data were derived for rural household lighting, other household electrical appliances and for electricity consumption by other (i.e. non-household) consumers. The study thereby investigated the application of the CDM EB’s Guidelines for Suppressed Demand by defining a Minimum Service Level for household lighting, which is based on extensive data on available household lighting technologies and consumption patterns.
The findings showed that the consideration of both concepts not only allows for tailoring the baseline for one specific country, it also increases the baseline emissions rendering CDM projects and/or PoAs with higher CERs volumes and increased financial attractiveness of mitigation activities. The standardized baseline is applicable to any CDM PoA or CDM project located in the territory of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
The main objective of this project was to understand the Tigray Agriculture Research Institution (TARI) operational research programs and technology adoption process from perspectives of smallholder farmers and the researchers. Outputs from the learning platform included documented learning from across Ireland’s key partner countries.
The platform produced at least two papers and additional documents each year. The dissemination of these papers and outputs informed international delegations to the climate negotiations; promoted debate on best practice on climate change adaptation for local communities among Ireland’s partners and others; and incorporated lessons learned into future Irish aid development programming. In addition, there were documented Irish Aid case studies to inform partners and the public of Ireland’s climate change programs and to inform public opinion on the importance of addressing climate change globally in the run up to the Paris 2015 climate summit and beyond.
Thus, a case study has been developed by Echnoserve and IIED that focuses on key issues of how climate is integrated into agricultural research in support of climate adaptation by smallholder farmers. This case study looked at how effective this integration has been to draw lessons for further integration of climate into development programming.
The project was a pilot aiming to test M&E frame work called TAMD (Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development) in Ethiopia. The project used TAMD framework to understand how national climate adaptation program benefited local communities, use of climate information in planning for adaptation and identification of indicators for further M&E framework. Echnoserve in close collaboration with International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) has worked with the Ministry of Agriculture, SLMP I, to develop M&E framework using the TAMD tool. This pilot project implemented in three woredas that implemented SLMP. The project piloted in Angacha, AssosaZuria and Misrak Este woredas.
The observations made during this testing as well as the set of indicators leads to an end the sustainable land management activities undertaken within the three selected woredas have helped the communities to cope to some extent with climate-related hazards, like floods. The impacts of such hazards have reduced, making the communities more climate-resilient at least to current variability. Moreover, most of the indicators that the project used are becoming important to assess agricultural outcome on the CRGE result matrix.
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
Climate Change (Mitigation and Adaptation) and Climate Finance
This project has explored and analyzed the political economy of climate resilient development planning in Ethiopia by looking at three different areas: First, the public sector responses for climate resilient development in order to understand how public sector actors are shaping policy responses that support their countries transition to climate resilient green economies that benefit the most poor. The study looked at how actors have been bringing together policy agendas around climate resilience and green economy (CRGE) and at how they are designing the climate financial landscape to support a transition to a CRGE pathway.
The second study was about the private sector responses for climate resilient development, and the Ethiopian landscape of financing climate resilient development. This study focused on assessing the effectiveness of the financial design choices – specifically in assessing if the design of the financial landscape was effective in unlocking capital and targeting investments to CRGE initiatives that benefit the poor. Echnoserve has been a key player in formulating questionnaire, conducting data collection and generating report. After developing data collection template and guideline, Echnoserve collected data through interview with key actors including senior level policy makers and other relevant personnel and prepared a county study and policy briefings upon the findings. The Ethiopia case study has relied on a political economy approach that targets to develop a coalition of actors behind mutually agreeable policy choices as a way to support effective implementation of public policy responses for climate resilient development. The third study was part of cross-country study forerun by IIED for gathering evidence on the role of national financial intermediaries in financing investments in low carbon development carried out in Ethiopia, Bangladesh, Nepal and Rwanda. The Ethiopia case study conducted by Echnoserve was an assessment of DBE’s role in mobilizing and channeling public and private finance for private sector investment in the CRGE. The project focused on the strategies of the Bank to partner with micro finance institutions, mobilize and deliver finances for the programme entitled Market Development for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficient Products (MDRE&EEP) which intends to support private sector investment in off-grid renewable energy and energy efficient technologies. The project aims at removing barriers accessing credit, foreign currency and collateral requirements by the private sector in its engagement in off grid energy solutions.
The project executed by the MEFCC and UNDP Ethiopia in four regions of the country and in the capital city, Addis Ababa with the view of contributing the resilience of community towards climate change. This project funded by GEF and administered by UNDP.
Echnoserve has completed the project task and developed two local adaptation plans and handover the final endorsed documents to the UNDP Project office. Training has been given for selected government staffs from four regions with a special emphasis on climate change basics & impacts, identifying local climate vulnerabilities, designing local adaption plan and monitoring & evaluation.
Climate Change Mitigation
The aim of this project was prepare report and conduct analysis of the data collected from different urban sites because NAMA initiatives were aiming to reduce GHG emission from solid waste sector through three main activities: reduction of waste going to landfill, reuse of waste in the landfill and recycling of waste. The NAMA looked at feasibility of solid waste collection from source to landfill and looked into reducing both the waste and GHG throughout the chain. The reduction of solid waste implemented by improving primary and secondary waste collection while reuse and recycling has done in the secondary collection and at the landfill or dump sites. Echnoserve conducted data from 20 municipalities to prepare the report. Echnoserve also conducted GHG emissions reduction calculation from solid waste, conducted stakeholder consultation to finalize the data and presented the proposal for funding from the NAMA Facility.
Echnoserve has prepared NAMA (for implementation) on addressing the problem of land degradation in Ethiopian highland areas (>1500 meters). The project funded by UNEP/Reso Center. The NAMA targeted four regions (Oromia, Amhara, Tigray and SNNPR). This NAMA focused on implementing agro-forestry and afforestation development to reduce GHG emission in the agriculture sector. The project provided estimated GHG emission of the current baseline and BAU for the next fifteen years for the targeted project area. It also estimated GHG emission of the two activities and includes MRV component. It provides the estimated GHG emission reduction, integrates market development and capacity building as well.
Organization for Economic Co Operation and Development (OECD)
Climate Change (Mitigation and Adaptation)
Echnoserve in partnership with OECD conducted the Ethiopia Green Growth Study. The main objective of the project was upon the agreement between OECD and Ethiopia’s Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) to produce a brief case study of the country progress and prospects in green growth -principally to showcase Ethiopia’s initiative and to inform international debate, but also to offer a small space for reflection within Ethiopia on where the work might go next.
Echnoserve has undertaken the data collection and analysis of the study. It has led in organizing and facilitating a two day workshop among CRGE stakeholders to gather inputs from government, development partners, civil societies, NGOs and private sectors. The case study mainly recommended that the current green economy strategy component of the CRGE strategy could be expanded to improve its effectiveness in the long term.
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